Accuracy Improvement of the XRD-Rietveld Method for the Quantification of Crystalline Phases in Iron Sintered Ores Through the Correction of Micro-absorption Effects
Tetsu to hagane
The mass fraction of each crystalline phase in inorganic materials can be investigated using the Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. For quantitative analysis, differences in the values of the linear absorption coefficient, μ, among the crystalline phases must be considered when certain X-ray sources are used, because such differences often affect their mass fractions. Herein, we evaluate the effects of the differences between the Cu and Co Kα X-rays on the mass
... s of the crystalline phases in iron sintered ores using the XRD-Rietveld method by performing two types of XRD measurements. Type 1 samples modeled materials with two different particle size combinations of α-Fe 2 O 3 and ZnO. Type 2 samples used powder mixtures to simulate iron sintered ores composed of α-Fe 2 O 3 , and synthesized SFCA and SFCA-I in various mass fractions. Moreover, a correction method was developed using the Taylor-Matulis (TM) correction that considers the μ of each phase and the average particle diameter of each crystalline phase determined by scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy. For type 1 samples, results that were in good agreement with the initially-charged mass fractions could be obtained using the TM correction, even in the presence of significant differences in R between α-Fe 2 O 3 and ZnO. The results for type 2 samples confirmed that quantitatively accurate mass fractions could be obtained using the TM correction with an accuracy of approximately ±3 mass% for Cu and Co sources, whereas the error was greater than ±3 mass% for Cu source when the TM correction was not applied.