Impact of the use of plant protection products harmful to bees on bee colonies during spring: Results of a monitoring programme in apple orchards in South Tyrol (2014-2017)

Benjamin Mair, Manfred Wolf
Apiculture products, to an extent, are considered as environmental pollution markers, since they tend to accumulate a plethora of contaminants. The latter come in contact or enter in bees during nectar and pollen collection and transferred inside the beehives. In addition, residual prevalence in honey, and beebread also reflects the chemical treatments that take place inside the beehives in order to mainly control the parasitic mite of Varroa destructor.
doi:10.5073/jka.2020.465.025 fatcat:uqdkpsddfzchpdsf6zkuwqo2dq