Leaching Tc-99 from SRP Glass in Simulated Tuff and Salt Groundwaters

N. E. Bibler, A. R. Jurgensen
1987 Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings  
Results of leach tests with Tc-99 doped SRP borosilicate waste glass are presented. The glass was prepared by melting a mixture of SRP 165 powdered frit doped with a carrier free solution of Tc-99 at 1150°C. Dissolution of portions of the resulting glass indicated that the Tc-99 was distributed homogeneously throughout the glass. Static leach tests up to 90 da1s were performed at 90°C in J-13 tuff groundwater or WIPP brine A at a SAN of lOOm-. Normalized mass losses were calculated for Tc-99 as
more » ... well as all the major elements in the glass. Results indicated that under ambient oxidizing conditions Tc-99 leached no faster than the glass-forming elements of the glass. In J-13 water, Tc-99leached congruently with B. In WIPP brine A, it leached congruently with Si. Leach rates for Li were higher in both groundwaters, probably due to a contribution from an ion exchange mechanism. Leach tests were performed under reducing conditions in J-13 water by adding Zn/Hg amalgam to the leachate. In these tests the pH increased significantly, probably because of the reaction of the amalgam with the water. In a 21-day test, the pH increased to 13 and leach rates for the glass were very high. Even though there was si!2nificant dissolution of the glass, the normalized mass loss based on Tc-99 was only 0.02g/m . This result and the fact that reducing conditions at normal pH values do not significantly affect the dissolution of the glass, indicate that the low concentrations for Tc-99 obtained under reducing conditions are due to its solubility and not due to an increased durability of the glass.
doi:10.1557/proc-112-585 fatcat:4vnwjwj7jzgf7advksewd7pare