Identification and validation of microRNAs as endogenous controls for quantitative polymerase chain reaction in plasma for stable coronary artery disease

Yuejuan Zhang, Wenxian Tang, Ling Peng, Jinqiang Tang, Zhaokai Yuan
2016 Cardiology Journal  
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to serve as biomarkers for diagnosis and assessment of prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a widely-used technique to estimate expression levels of circulating miRNAs. Selection of optimal endogenous control (EC) remains critical to obtain reliable qPCR data of miRNAs expression. However, reference controls for normalization of circulating miRNA in CAD are still
more » ... ng. The purpose of this study was to identify stably expressed miRNAs to normalize RT-qPCR data derived from plasma in stable CAD. Methods: We identified 10 stably expressed candidate ECs by combining miRNA microarray screening and literature screening. These 10 candidate ECs were estimated by RT-qPCR and the data were analyzed by NormFinder and BestKeeper algorithm. Results: Two most stable ECs were identified as EC candidates and they were subsequently validated in another larger cohort. The 2 candidates were also validated by normalizing the expression levels of miR-21. In general, they were superior to the commonly used reference gene RNU6 in quantification cycle (Cq) value, stability value and normalization effect. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that miR-6090 and miR-4516 can be used as reference genes for plasma miRNA analysis in stable CAD. (Cardiol J 2016; 23, 6: 694-703)
doi:10.5603/cj.2016.0109 pmid:27976798 fatcat:wt46xotz2fax7etjtcirbl2fwu