DUST HEATING BY LOW-MASS STARS IN MASSIVE GALAXIES AT $z\lt 1$
M. Kajisawa, T. Morishita, Y. Taniguchi, M. A. R. Kobayashi, T. Ichikawa, Y. Fukui
Using the Hubble Space Telescope/Wide Field Camera 3 imaging data and multi-wavelength photometric catalog, we investigated the dust temperature of passively evolving and star-forming galaxies at 0.2 10^10 Msun have a relatively high dust temperature of Tdust > 20 K, for which the formation efficiency of molecular hydrogen on the surface of dust grains in the diffuse ISM is expected to be very low from the laboratory experiments. The fraction of passively evolving galaxies strongly depends on
... e expected dust temperature at all redshifts and increases rapidly with increasing the temperature around Tdust 20 K. These results suggest that the dust heating by low-mass stars in massive galaxies plays an important role for the continuation of their passive evolution, because the lack of the shielding effect of the molecular hydrogen on the UV radiation can prevent the gas cooling and formation of new stars.