Implementation of an ontological reasoning to support the guideline-based management of primary breast cancer patients in the DESIREE project

Jacques Bouaud, Sylvia Pelayo, Jean-Baptiste Lamy, Coralie Prebet, Charlotte Ngo, Luis Teixeira, Gilles Guézennec, Brigitte Seroussi
2020 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine  
The DESIREE project has developed a platform offering several complementary therapeutic decision support modules to improve the quality of care for breast cancer patients. All modules are operating consistently with a common breast cancer knowledge model (BCKM) following the generic entity-attribute-value model. The BCKM is formalized as an ontology including both the data model to represent clinical patient information and the termino-ontological model to represent the application domain
more » ... ts. This ontological model is used to describe data semantics and to allow for reasoning at different levels of abstraction. We present the guideline-based decision support module (GL-DSS). Three breast cancer clinical practice guidelines have been formalized as decision rules including evidence levels, conformance levels, and two types of dependency, "refinement" and "complement", used to build complete care plans from the reconciliation of atomic recommendations. The system has been assessed on 138 decisions previously made without the system and re-played with the system after a washout period on simulated tumor boards (TBs) in three pilot sites. When TB clinicians changed their decision after using the GL-DSS, it was for a better decision than the decision made without the system in 75 % of the cases.
doi:10.1016/j.artmed.2020.101922 pmid:32972655 fatcat:ikjyreevavbbnlcgafkpfccwgq