A common mechanism of Sec61 translocon inhibition by small molecules [article]

Samuel Itskanov, Laurie Wang, Tina Junne, Rumi Sherriff, Li Xiao, Nicolas Blanchard, Wei Q. Shi, Craig Forsyth, Dominic Hoepfner, Martin Spiess, Eunyong Park
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
AbstractThe Sec61 complex forms a protein-conducting channel in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane that is required for secretion of soluble proteins and production of many membrane proteins. Several natural and synthetic small molecules specifically inhibit the Sec61 channel, generating cellular effects that are potentially useful for therapeutic purposes, but their inhibitory mechanisms remain unclear. Here we present near-atomic-resolution structures of the human Sec61 channel inhibited
more » ... by a comprehensive panel of structurally distinct small molecules— cotransin, decatransin, apratoxin F, ipomoeassin F, mycolactone, cyclotriazadisulfonamide (CADA) and eeyarestatin I (ESI). Remarkably, all inhibitors bind to a common lipid-exposed pocket formed by the partially open lateral gate and plug domain of the channel. Mutations conferring resistance to the inhibitors are clustered at this binding pocket. The structures indicate that Sec61 inhibitors stabilize the plug domain of Sec61 in a closed state, thereby preventing the protein-translocation pore from opening. Our study reveals molecular interactions between Sec61 and its inhibitors in atomic detail and offers the structural framework for further pharmacological studies and drug design.
doi:10.1101/2022.08.11.503542 fatcat:7mllzb3i3nclzahb3pi5tnysiq