RcUBe: Real-time reconfigurable radio framework with self-optimization capabilities
2015 12th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking (SECON)
Existing commercial wireless systems are mostly hardware-based, and rely on closed and inflexible designs and architectures. Moreover, despite recent significant algorithmic developments in cross-layer network adaptation and resource allocation, existing network architectures are unable to incorporate most of these advancements. While software-defined radio (SDR) was envisioned as a new paradigm promising radical runtime adaptation through all layers of the networking protocol stack, the
... of the state-of-the-art in wireless networking practice is far from having fulfilled such promise of fast and intelligent reconfigurability and adaptability. Networking research based on the "software-defined radio" paradigm has suffered almost invariably from the lack of adequate and coherently designed abstractions to (i) define networking protocols and their crosslayer interactions across all layers of the protocol stack; (ii) define decision-making algorithms to control such interactions. To address this need, we introduce RcUBe (Real-time Reconfigurable Radio), a novel architectural radio framework based on abstractions that offer real-time reconfigurability and optimization capabilities at the PHY, MAC, and network layers of the protocol stack. Unlike state-of-the-art solutions, RcUBe offers a structured methodology at variable levels of abstraction to accommodate implementations of a wide range of network architectures and protocols and complex decision-making in a modular, platform-independent way. RcUBe provides these features through a design structured into four distinct, but interacting planes, namely decision, control, data, and register plane. The broad capabilities of the proposed framework are demonstrated on a network level software-defined radio setup through a range of experiments where RcUBe is used to implement various reconfigurable functionalities of a wireless system at the PHY, MAC, and network layer.