Thyroid hormones regulate G-protein beta-subunit mRNA expression in vivo
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Thyroid hormones exert "permissive effects" on the hormone-sensitive adenylate cyclase. Regulation of the expression of Gi (Gi alpha 2) and Gs by thyroid hormones in vivo was investigated at the level of mRNA. Steady-state levels of the mRNA for Gi alpha 2 and Gs alpha, as well as the G beta-subunits, were quantified using DNA excess solution hybridization analysis. Regulation of protein and mRNA expression in adipose tissue was investigated in hypothyroid, euthyroid, and hyperthyroid rats. In
... erthyroid rats. In euthyroid animals, steady-state levels of mRNA (amol/microgram RNA) were 13.8, 5.9, and 5.7 for Gs alpha, Gi alpha 2, and G beta 1,2, respectively. Activation of adenylate cyclase by Gs is unaffected by thyroid status. Both Gs alpha and Gs alpha mRNA levels in hypothyroid rats were the same as those of controls (euthyroid). The inhibitory control of adenylate cyclase, in contrast, is markedly potentiated in hypothyroid rats. The expression of G1 alpha s and G beta-subunits was increased in hypothyroidism. Whereas Gi alpha 2 mRNA levels remained essentially unchanged, G beta 1,2 mRNA levels were observed to increase 45% in the hypothyroid state. In the hyperthyroid state G beta 1,2 mRNA levels were observed to decline by 35%. Regulation of G-protein subunit expression, at the level of mRNA, appears to be one component of permissive hormone action on transmembrane signalling.