The Conditions of Health in Country Districts

Mabel Shickle
1906 Journal of the Royal Sanitary Institute  
IT is doubtful if it is to the nation's interest to teach hygienic truths _L and the essential laws of health to children living in country districts, unless the home surroundings are such that they can realise these trutlls. Will it not rather tend to increase the influx of the rural population into the towns, to live in the improved workman's dwellings which are being built in so many urban districts ? Conditions essential to the laws of health are fresh air, good water, properly constructed
more » ... operly constructed houses, sufficient floor space, good food, suitable clothing, habits of cleanliness. There is a plentiful supply of fresh air outdoors, but inside the cottages the supply is very limited, arrangements for ventilation being often nil. Before compulsory education villagers were content to have only rafters in place of ceilings in the cottages, the walls were often not even plastered, thus allowing ventilation through ,valls and thatch, and the cottage door was always open. Now the ceilings are plastered, the walls plastered and papered, rendering them impervious, and frequently the cottage door is closed. This loss of ventilation has not been remedied. The windows do not open, and through ventilation is often impossible. Water is a prime necessity of life ; an abundant supply is an absolute necessity for the preservation of health. In many rural districts a safe and adequate supply of water is the most pressing need, much of the prosperity of the district depending largely on the health of the animals and the sale of milk. How often the rural district council decline to realise this until there is an outbreak of disease. With little expense a plentiful supply of surface water could be arranged for, even if the drinking water had tu be obtained from a distance, thus enabling the cottager to obtain greater cleanliness in the home and person. at MEMORIAL UNIV OF NEWFOUNDLAND on March 15, 2015 rsh.sagepub.com Downloaded from
doi:10.1177/146642400602701211 fatcat:4zk3g35jmvbaze5pwzwx3tkrfu