Systematics of entanglement distribution by separable states
V. Karimipour, L. Memarzadeh, Najmeh Tabe Bordbar
Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Three distant labs A, B and C, having no prior entanglement can establish a shared GHZ state, when one of them say A sends two particles to B and C for their local actions. The mediating particles remain separable from each other and from the particles of A, B and C. We prove that in this way, GHZ states are shared with a probability 1/7. We also show how separable particles can be mediated to establish arbitrary d- dimensional Bell states between distant labs. Our method is constructive and
... ows generaization of GHZ sharing between any number of parties and in any dimension. The proposed method may facilitate the construction of multi-node quantum networks and many other processes which use multi-partite entangled states.