Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania: Evidence from a Tracking Survey

Kathleen Beegle, Joachim De Weerdt, Stefan Dercon
2011 Review of Economics and Statistics  
This study explores to what extent migration has contributed to improved living standards of individuals in Tanzania. Using a thirteenyear panel survey, we find that migration between 1991 and 2004 added 36 percentage points to consumption growth. Although moving out of agriculture resulted in much higher growth than staying in agriculture, growth was always greater in any sector if the individual physically moved. As to why more people do not move given the high returns to geographical
more » ... eographical mobility, analysis finds evidence consistent with models in which exit barriers set by home communities prevent the migration of some categories of people.
doi:10.1162/rest_a_00105 fatcat:w4a5vqbk4raylluihpsmoqr4w4