Herschel/HIFI observations of [C II] and [13C II] in photon-dominated regions

V. Ossenkopf, M. Röllig, D. A. Neufeld, P. Pilleri, D. C. Lis, A. Fuente, F. F. S. van der Tak, E. Bergin
2013 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
Recently, we introduced detailed isotopic chemistry into the KOSMA-tau model for photon-dominated regions (PDRs) to give theoretical predictions for the abundance of the carbon isotopologues as a function of PDR parameters. Combined with radiative transfer computations for specific geometries, we estimated the possible intensity ratio of the [CII]/[13CII] lines. Here, we compare these predictions with new observations. We performed Herschel/HIFI observations of the [CII] 158micron line in a
more » ... icron line in a number of PDRs. In all sources we observed at least two hyperfine components of the [13CII] transition allowing to determine the [CII]/[13CII] intensity ratio, after some revision of the intrinsic hyperfine ratios. Comparing the intensity ratios with the results from the updated KOSMA-tau model, we identify cases dominated by chemical fractionation and cases dominated by the optical depth of the main isotopic line. An observable enhancement of the [CII]/[13CII] intensity ratio due to chemical fractionation depends mostly on geometry and velocity structure, and less on the gas density and radiation field. In our observations the [CII]/[13CII] ratio for the integrated line intensity was always dominated by the optical depth of the main isotopic line. However, an enhanced intensity ratio is found for particular velocity components in a few sources: the red-shifted material in the ultracompact HII region Mon R2, the wings of the turbulent profile in the Orion Bar, and possibly a blue wing in NGC7023. The mapping of the [13CII] lines in the Orion Bar allows to derive a C+ column density map confirming the temperature stratification of the C+ layer, in agreement with the chemical stratification of the Bar. The C+ column densities for all sources show that at the position of the [CII] peak emission, a dominant fraction of the gas-phase carbon is in the form of C+.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219837 fatcat:abecejm3kbhm3cxonjuiackggi