Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Stabilized-Ni/Fe Bimetallic Nanoparticles for the Selective Elimination of Chlorate Impurity in Military Grade Ammonium Perchlorate
Central European Journal of Energetic Materials
Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is used as the most common oxidizer in composite solid propellants. Control of chlorate impurity in military grade ammonium perchlorate is important, since it has an undesirable effect on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. In this work stabilized Ni/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles (S-Ni/Fe NPs) were synthesized using the borohydride reduction method (BRM) in the presence of starch as a stabilizing agent, and they were characterized by field emission
... ld emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and their X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD). The results showed that the synthesized S-Ni/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles were spherical in shape and had nearly uniform distribution, with particle sizes of 20-50 nm. The prepared nanoparticles were then used for the selective elimination of chlorate impurity in ammonium perchlorate. The main factors controlling the elimination of chlorate, such as the initial pH of the solution, dosage of S-Fe/Ni NPs, initial chlorate and perchlorate concentrations, reaction temperature, and reaction time, were optimized by using an experimental design based on the Taguchi method. An L9 orthogonal array (L9-OA) was used to design experiments with four 4-level factors (3 4 ). Under the optimal conditions, i.e., pH 6.5, at 30 °C and a dosage of 50 mg S-Ni/Fe NPs, chlorate was eliminated with nearly 100% efficiency in 50 mL of a solution containing 2.0 µg·mL −1 and 100 µg·mL −1 of chlorate and perchlorate, respectively, without change in perchlorate concentration.