Analysis and synthesis of intonation using the Tilt model

Paul Taylor
2000 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
This paper introduces the Tilt intonational model and describes how this model can be used to automatically analyze and synthesize intonation. In the model, intonation is represented as a linear sequence of events, which can be pitch accents or boundary tones. Each event is characterized by continuous parameters representing amplitude, duration, and tilt ͑a measure of the shape of the event͒. The paper describes an event detector, in effect an intonational recognition system, which produces a
more » ... anscription of an utterance's intonation. The features and parameters of the event detector are discussed and performance figures are shown on a variety of read and spontaneous speaker independent conversational speech databases. Given the event locations, algorithms are described which produce an automatic analysis of each event in terms of the Tilt parameters. Synthesis algorithms are also presented which generate F0 contours from Tilt representations. The accuracy of these is shown by comparing synthetic F0 contours to real F0 contours. The paper concludes with an extensive discussion on linguistic representations of intonation and gives evidence that the Tilt model goes a long way to satisfying the desired goals of such a representation in that it has the right number of degrees of freedom to be able to describe and synthesize intonation accurately.
doi:10.1121/1.428453 pmid:10738822 fatcat:joo3ufw7pjckrikq44epyylsga