Probabilistic Semantic Segmentation Refinement by Monte Carlo Region Growing [article]

Philipe A. Dias, Henry Medeiros
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Semantic segmentation with fine-grained pixel-level accuracy is a fundamental component of a variety of computer vision applications. However, despite the large improvements provided by recent advances in the architectures of convolutional neural networks, segmentations provided by modern state-of-the-art methods still show limited boundary adherence. We introduce a fully unsupervised post-processing algorithm that exploits Monte Carlo sampling and pixel similarities to propagate
more » ... pixel labels into regions of low-confidence classification. Our algorithm, which we call probabilistic Region Growing Refinement (pRGR), is based on a rigorous mathematical foundation in which clusters are modelled as multivariate normally distributed sets of pixels. Exploiting concepts of Bayesian estimation and variance reduction techniques, pRGR performs multiple refinement iterations at varied receptive fields sizes, while updating cluster statistics to adapt to local image features. Experiments using multiple modern semantic segmentation networks and benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach for the refinement of segmentation predictions at different levels of coarseness, as well as the suitability of the variance estimates obtained in the Monte Carlo iterations as uncertainty measures that are highly correlated with segmentation accuracy.
arXiv:2005.05856v1 fatcat:xh7dn34ekrhn3md6h2qdijw65y