RELATIONSHIP OF SERUM DIPEPTIDYL PEPTIDASE-IV ACTIVITY AND ANTI-CASEIN ANTIBODIES TO GASTROINTESTINAL SYMPTOMS AMONG CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: AN EGYPTIAN STUDY

Inas R El-alameey, Hanaa H Ahmed, Ihab M Eid, Ghada El-dory, Manal Gameel
2018 Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research  
Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess serum dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) activity in autistic children suffering from severe gastrointestinal (GI) disorder and to examine the hypothesis that there is a link between DPP-IV activity in serum and GI disorder in a subgroup of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Subjects and Methods: Serum levels of casein antibodies and DPP-IV enzyme activity from 40 autistic children with chronic GI symptoms, and 40 of age-matched
more » ... dren without autism or gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits.Results: In comparison with controls, developmental milestones were delayed among autistic children. The serum DPP-IV activity was significantly lower in the studied patients (p<0.05), while the mean serum levels of casein antibodies were statistically significantly higher in the studied patients (p<0.01). Multiple logistic regression analysis recorded significant association between the high serum level of antibodies to casein, food selectivity and recurrent attacks of abdominal pain (p<0.05), while the low serum DPP-IV enzyme activity was associated with recurrent attacks of abdominal pain in the studied patients with a prediction of 95% (p<0.05).Conclusions: Serum levels of casein antibodies were higher in children with ASD, and maybe contributes to their abdominal pain, and food selectivity. Serum DPP-IV enzyme activity was lower and associated with recurrent attacks of abdominal pain in the studied patients. They may benefit from a supplemental digestive enzyme formula.
doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i4.22627 fatcat:zp7mya77orfitinl4eirgmucv4