Superadditivity of Quantum Channel Coding Rate With Finite Blocklength Joint Measurements

Hye Won Chung, Saikat Guha, Lizhong Zheng
2016 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  
The maximum rate at which classical information can be reliably transmitted per use of a quantum channel strictly increases in general with N, the number of channel outputs that are detected jointly by the quantum joint-detection receiver (JDR). This phenomenon is known as superadditivity of the maximum achievable information rate over a quantum channel. We study this phenomenon for a pure-state classical-quantum (cq) channel and provide a lower bound on C_N/N, the maximum information rate when
more » ... the JDR is restricted to making joint measurements over no more than N quantum channel outputs, while allowing arbitrary classical error correction. We also show the appearance of a superadditivity phenomenon---of mathematical resemblance to the aforesaid problem---in the channel capacity of a classical discrete memoryless channel (DMC) when a concatenated coding scheme is employed, and the inner decoder is forced to make hard decisions on N-length inner codewords. Using this correspondence, we develop a unifying framework for the above two notions of superadditivity, and show that for our lower bound to C_N/N to be equal to a given fraction of the asymptotic capacity C of the respective channel, N must be proportional to V/C^2, where V is the respective channel dispersion quantity.
doi:10.1109/tit.2016.2597285 fatcat:ydrqf5sjfncjtj7sma2abdaagu