Morals, meaning and truth in Wittgenstein and Brandom [Moral, significado y verdad en Wittgenstein y Brandoms]

Jordi Fairhurst
2019 Zenodo  
The aim of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it analyses the similarities that stem from Wittgenstein's (Philosophical Investigations (1953)) and Brandom's (Making it Explicit (1994)) commitment to pragmatics in the philosophy of language to account for moral utterances. That is, the study of the meaning of moral utterances is carried out resorting to the study of the acts being performed in producing or exhibiting these utterances. Both authors offer, therefore, a pragmatic solution in order to
more » ... lution in order to account for the meaning of our moral vocabulary and discursive practices. Secondly, it argues that both approaches lead to differing understandings of the role of "truth" and "falsity" in moral discourse. On the one hand, Wittgenstein's remarks on ethics demonstrate a dismissive attitude towards the notions of truth and falsity in moral discourse. On the other hand, Brandom seems to be committed to a weak version of moral cognitivism: he takes assertions (which express beliefs, i.e. doxastic commitments) as the fundamental linguistic activity in the game of giving and asking for reasons and provides an anaphoric theory of truth to account for "truth" and "falsity" in our discourse. Additionally, it analyses how these differences bear on the Frege–Geach problem.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4602337 fatcat:eul66yraonckjesxr3hphe63ba