The Effects of Mixing Stage and Fermentation Time on the Quantity of Flavor Compounds and Sensory Intensity of Flavor in White Bread

Tatsuro MAEDA, Shoko KIKUMA, Tetsuya ARAKI, Gakuro IKEDA, Koji TAKEYA, Yasuyuki SAGARA
2009 Food science and technology research  
Flavor compounds in white bread have been analyzed by a static-headspace-type GC/MS and sensory evaluation for clarifying the effects of mixing stage and fermentation time on the intensity of flavor compounds as assessed in the crumb and sensory scores of flavor in white bread. Principal component analysis (PCA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were applied to the peak area of total ion chromatogram as well as sensory scores of 8 sensory descriptors for flavor intensity. Although the results of
more » ... instrumental analyses showed the superiority of fermentation time over mixing energy as the governing factor of white bread flavor, the results of statistical analyses for the scores of sensory evaluation showed the superiority of mixing energy over fermentation time. The difference in the governing factor was probably due to overestimation for the effect of alcohols on the flavor quality of white bread, especially ethanol derived from the fermentation process.
doi:10.3136/fstr.15.117 fatcat:roaq66odlnaihd7bc6nqvw7yxa