Theory of electron spin resonance in one-dimensional topological insulators with spin-orbit couplings: Detection of edge states

Yuan Yao, Masahiro Sato, Tetsuya Nakamura, Nobuo Furukawa, Masaki Oshikawa
2017 Physical review B  
Edge/surface states often appear in a topologically nontrivial phase, when the system has a boundary. The edge state of a one-dimensional topological insulator is one of the simplest examples. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) is an ideal probe to detect and analyze the edge state for its high sensitivity and precision. We consider ESR of the edge state of a generalized Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model with a next-nearest neighbor (NNN) hopping and a staggered spin-orbit coupling. The spin-orbit coupling
more » ... is generally expected to bring about nontrivial changes on the ESR spectrum. Nevertheless, in the absence of the NNN hoppings, we find that the ESR spectrum is unaffected by the spin-orbit coupling thanks to the chiral symmetry. In the presence of both the NNN hopping and the spin-orbit coupling, on the other hand, the edge ESR spectrum exhibits a nontrivial frequency shift. We derive an explicit analytical formula for the ESR shift in the second order perturbation theory, which agrees very well with a non-perturbative numerical calculation.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.96.205424 fatcat:n33yymurhjeujlkvxqf42xmsiq