Accurate poststack acoustic-impedance inversion by well-log calibration

Igor B. Morozov, Jinfeng Ma
2009 Geophysics  
The seismic-impedance inversion problem is underconstrained inherently and does not allow the use of rigorous joint inversion. In the absence of a true inverse, a reliable solution free from subjective parameters can be obtained by defining a set of physical constraints that should be satisfied by the resulting images. A method for constructing synthetic logs is proposed that explicitly and accurately satisfies ͑1͒ the convolutional equation, ͑2͒ time-depth constraints of the seismic data, ͑3͒
more » ... seismic data, ͑3͒ a background low-frequency model from logs or seismic/geologic interpretation, and ͑4͒ spectral amplitudes and geostatistical information from spatially interpolated well logs. The resulting synthetic log sections or volumes are interpretable in standard ways. Unlike broadly used joint-inversion algorithms, the method contains no subjectively selected user parameters, utilizes the log data more completely, and assesses intermediate results. The procedure is simple and tolerant to noise, and it leads to higher-resolution images. Separating the seismic and subseismic frequency bands also simplifies data processing for acoustic-impedance ͑AI͒ inversion. For example, zero-phase deconvolution and true-amplitude processing of seismic data are not required and are included automatically in this method. The approach is applicable to 2D and 3D data sets and to multiple pre-and poststack seismic attributes. It has been tested on inversions for AI and true-amplitude reflectivity using 2D synthetic and real-data examples.
doi:10.1190/1.3170687 fatcat:frzswehmazfmnaqhty3onyrsri