Evaluation of Renal Tissue Oxygenation Using Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Chronic Kidney Disease

Fen Chen, Han Yan, Fan Yang, Li Cheng, Siwei Zhang, Shulin Li, Caixia Liu, Kai Xu, Dong Sun
2021 Kidney & Blood Pressure Research  
<b><i>Background:</i></b> Blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-MRI) has been widely used to assess renal oxygenation changes in different kidney diseases in recent years. This study was designed to evaluate and compare renal tissue oxygenation using 2 BOLD-MRI analysis methods, namely, the regional and whole-kidney region of interest (ROI) selection methods. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> The study ended up with 10 healthy controls and 40 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients
more » ... se (CKD) patients without dialysis. Their renal BOLD-MRI data were analyzed using whole-kidney ROI selection method and compared with regional ROI selection method. <b><i>Results:</i></b> We found the cortical, medullary, and whole-kidney R2* values were significantly higher in CKD patients than those in controls. Compared with the regional ROI selection method, the whole-kidney ROI selection method yielded higher cortical R2* values in both controls and CKD patients. The whole-kidney R2* values of deteriorating renal function group were significantly higher than those in stable renal function group. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> Cortical and medullary oxygenation was decreased significantly in CKD patients compared with the healthy controls, particularly in the medulla. The whole-kidney R2* values were positively correlated with kidney function and inversely correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate and effective renal plasma flow. Whole-Kidney R2* value might effectively predict the progression of renal function in patients with CKD.
doi:10.1159/000515709 pmid:34091454 fatcat:ymcywr3cjvba3gt6wshj5xgrdu