Stereotype Threat in Sport: Recommendations for Applied Practice and Research

Daniel M. Smith, Sarah E. Martiny
2018 The Sport Psychologist  
22 Stereotype threat theory holds that activation of a negative stereotype has a harmful effect on 23 performance in cognitive and motor domains. This paper provides a literature review of 24 stereotype threat research in the motor domain followed by recommendations for sport 25 psychology practitioners. The review discusses the most widespread stereotypes that exist in 26 sport, the effects of stereotype activation on performance in different sports, and mechanisms 27 that explain why
more » ... e threat decreases performance. Recommendations for practitioners 28 include individual and organizational level approaches, with the former subdivided into 29 interventions aimed at prevention or coping. 30
doi:10.1123/tsp.2017-0134 fatcat:deppp3g5wrdxrkdyygaweqkr5e