LANGUAGE POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN IN THE CONTEXT OF SOCIOCULTURAL PROCESSES
ЯЗЫКОВАЯ ПОЛИТИКА РЕСПУБЛИКИ КАЗАХСТАН В КОНТЕКСТЕ СОЦИОКУЛЬТУРНЫХ ПРОЦЕССОВ

Zhou Xie, Southwest university in Chongqing, Fan Van, South-West university of China
2020 Verhnevolzhski Philological Bulletin  
The article examines the language policy of Kazakhstan from the point of view of historical development and in the context of the socio-cultural process of conjugation of the Chinese initiative «One Belt, One Road» and the program of Kazakhstan «Bright Path», the analysis of the modern language situation in Kazakhstan is made and on the basis of this analysis forecasts are made and determined prospects for the language policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as proposals for the
more » ... s for the development of language and culture in China. The authors substantiate the importance of the study of the language policy of Kazakhstan for the PRC, since China is a multinational country, and the study of the language policy of Kazakhstan will allow considering the methods adopted by another multiethnic country to solve the problems of the national language and the formation of language policy, and learn from the practice of Kazakhstan, which will allow the PRC to develop and implement a more effective policy in relation to national and foreign languages, as well as form proposals for the development of cultural exchanges between China and Kazakhstan. The article provides an overview of the current state of research on the language policy of Kazakhstan by Western European and Chinese scientists. The article analyzes documents on the language policy of Kazakhstan, examines such noticeable phenomena in the implementation of language policy as Kazakhization, Latinization of the Kazakh writing and trilingual policy, characterizes the development of the Chinese language in Kazakhstan. The authors of the article analyze in detail the most important trends in the socio-cultural life of Kazakhstan in terms of the implementation of a trilingual policy, consider the reasons for the popularity of the Chinese language in Kazakhstan and consider the activities of Confucius Institutes as the most important centers in the spread of the Chinese language and Chinese culture in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
doi:10.20323/2499-9679-2020-3-22-219-230 fatcat:v7w3rc547zgftalauio6htgeri