Shrinkhla Ek Shodhparak Vaicharik Patrika Vol-III * Issue-VII* Saga of Indian Women in Manju Kapoor's Difficult Daughter Swarnita Sharma
Introduction Indian women novelists can be said to be highly conscious of the women"s liberation movement. By and large they have portrayed women and their stories with consciousness of the injustice being meted out to women by society. These novels have a feminist undercurrent. Usually these novels have a woman as the central character. If we look at these fictional female characters, a large number of them rebel against the existing social setup. They discard the idea of being submissive,
... ing submissive, suffering and sacrificing. Rebellion is not an easy process. It demands determination and a will to stand by the cause of rebellion at any cost. These heroines in the novels of Indian women novelists have often come up to paying the prize of their rebellion rather than submitting and dying through suffocation. Awareness on the writers" part of the individual needs of women like self-fulfillment and identity formation have resulted in recent novels in patterns of alienation, communication gap, broken relationships and identity crises. Taking into account the complexity of life, different histories, cultures and different structures of values, the woman"s question, despite basic solidarity, needs to be tackled in relation to socio-cultural situation. The impact of patriarchy on the Indian society varies from the one on the West and therefore, the Indian women novelists have tried to evolve their own stream of feminism grounded in reality. They have their own concerns, priorities as well as their own ways of dealing with the predicament of their women protagonists. At the dawn of the twenty first century Indian English novelists have been acclaimed as advent-grade in the world of creativity. Most of the literary stars and stalwarts have consolidated their position and contributed immensely to Indian English literature. In the post colonial era partition has ever been the most prolific and prominent area for the creative writers. R.K.Dhawan, a critic of reputes rightly focuses the historical trauma snapped and highlighted it through the creative eyes. Aim The aim of present paper is to study the patriarchal norms confronted by women characters in Manju kapoor"s novel "Difficult Daughter" and search for their identity. "A number of novels were written on the theme of partition, the destruction it brought and the plight of the refugees. They faithfully record the reign of violence that characterized the period and provide a sad, telling commentary on the breakdown of human values. A strain of despair and disillusionment is predominant in these novels" 1 Manju Kapoor, a noteworthy story teller who without linguistic jugglery and gimmickry presents the post modern novel in a traditional narrative thread. Difficult Daughter, the maiden venture of Manju Kapoor, is really written against the backdrop of the Indian Freedom Movement, the partition of India and war between Allied and Axis forces. Altogether it delicately tenders a threadbare analysis of modern dynamics of man-woman relationship, particularly in Indian social background. The novel Abstract Almost half the population of the world is made of woman but she is not treated on par with man despite innumerable evolution and revolutions. She has the same mental and moral power yet she is not recognised as his equal. The portrayal of women in recent Indian English fiction is no more silent victim and upholder of the tradition and traditional values of family and society. She is no longer present as a passive character. Here an attempt is made through the study of Manju Kapoor"s novel Difficult daughter that the women of India have indeed achieved their success after Independence.