Candidate genes of the development of antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism in patients with schizophrenia
V.M. BEKHTEREV REVIEW OF PSYCHIATRY AND MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism is an undesirable reaction from the extrapyramidal system that occurs against the background of taking antipsychotics (AP), more often in patients with schizophrenia. Antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism belongs to the group of secondary parkinsonism. Its prevalence in the world is about 36%. It is assumed that this undesirable AP reaction is genetically determined. In recent years, numerous associative genetic studies of predisposition to the development of
... psychotic-induced parkinsonism have been conducted. However, the research results are contradictory.Purpose. Review of the results of studies of genetic predictors of antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism in patients with schizophrenia.Materials and methods. We searched for full-text publications in Russian and English in the RSCI, PubMed, Web of Science, Springer databases using keywords and combined searches for words over the past decade.Results. The review considers candidate genes encoding proteins/enzymes involved in the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of AP. We analyzed 23 genome-wide studies examining 108 genetic variations, including SNV/polymorphisms of 26 candidate genes involved in the development of AIP in schizophrenic patients. Among such a set of obtained results, only 22 positive associations were revealed: rs1799732 (141CIns/Del), rs1800497 (C/T), rs6275 (C/T) DRD2; rs167771 (G/A) DRD3; VNTR*9R DAT1; rs4680 (G/A) СOMT; rs6311 (C/T) 5HTR2A; rs6318 (C/G), rs3813929 (С/Т), haplotype-997G, -759C, -697C и 68G HTR2C; rs2179652 (C/T), rs2746073 (T/A), rs4606 (C/G), rs1152746 (A/G), rs1819741 (С/Т), rs1933695 (G/A), haplotype rs1933695-G, rs2179652-C, rs4606-C, rs1819741-T и rs1152746-G, haplotype rs1933695-G, rs2179652-T, rs4606-G, rs1819741-C и rs1152746-A RGS2; haplotype TCCTC ADORA2A; rs4795390 (C/G) PPP1R1B; rs6265 (G/A) BDNF; rs12678719 (C/G) ZFPM2; rs938112 (C/A) LSMAP; rs2987902 (A/T) ABL1; HLA-B44; rs16947 (A/G), rs1135824 (A/G), rs3892097 (A/G), rs28371733 (A/G), rs5030867 (A/C), rs5030865 (A/C), rs1065852 (C/T), rs5030863 (C/G), rs5030862 (A/G), rs28371706 (C/T), rs28371725 (A/G), rs1080983 (A/G) CYP2D6. However, at the present time it should be recognized that there is no final or unique decision about the leading role of any particular SNV/polymorphism in the development of AIP.Conclusion. Disclosure of genetic predictors of AP-induced parkinsonism development may provide a key to the development of a strategy for personalized prevention and treatment of the neurological complication of AP-therapy of schizophrenia in real clinical practice.