Fabrication of Hollow and Porous Tin-Doped Indium Oxide Nanofibers and Microtubes via a Gas Jet Fiber Spinning Process

Monoj Ghosh, Sadhan C. Jana
2020 Materials  
We report the morphologies of tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) hollow microtubes and porous nanofibers produced from precursor solutions of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), indium chloride (InCl3), and stannic chloride (SnCl4). The polymer precursor fibers are produced via a facile gas jet fiber (GJF) spinning process and subsequently calcined to produce ITO materials. The morphology shows strong dependence on heating rate in calcination step. Solid porous ITO nanofibers result from slow heating rates
more » ... low heating rates while hollow tubular ITO microfibers with porous shells are produced at high heating rates when calcined at a peak temperature of 700 °C. The mechanisms of formation of different morphological forms are proposed. The ITO fibers are characterized using several microscopy tools and thermogravimetric analysis. The concentration of inorganic salts in precursor solution is identified as a key factor in determining the porosity of the shell in hollow fibers. The data presented in this paper show that GJF method may be suitable for fabrication of hollow and multi-tubular metal oxide nanofibers from other inorganic precursor materials.
doi:10.3390/ma13071539 pmid:32230771 fatcat:d3oka5ukhbcqnctflolu3lcpcq