A laboratory system for the investigation of rain fade compensation techniques for Ka-band satellites

James Svoboda, Brian Kachmar
1994 15th International Communicatons Satellite Systems Conference and Exhibit   unpublished
The design and performance of a rain fade simulation! counteraction system on a laboratory simulated 30/20 GHz, time division multiple access (IDMA) satellite communications testbed is evaluated. Severe rain attenuation of electromagnetic radiation at 30/20 GHz occurs due to the carrier wavelength approaching the water droplet size. Rain in the downlink path lowers the signal power present at the receiver, resulting in a higher number of bit errors induced in the digital ground terminal. The
more » ... oratory simulation performed at NASA Lewis Research Center uses a programmable PIN diode attenuator to simulate 20 GHz satellite downlink geographic rain fade profiles. A computer based network control system monitors the downlink power and informs the network of any power threshold violations, which then prompts the network to issue commands that temporaril y increase the gain of the satellite based traveling wave tube (TW1) amplifier. After the rain subsides, the network returns the TWT to the normal energy conserving power mode. Bit error rate (BER) data taken at the receiving ground terminal serves as a measure of the severity of rain degradation, and also evaluates the extent to which the network can improve the faded channel.
doi:10.2514/6.1994-917 fatcat:5va6g4hsfjbmjcubgiroccxvyu