Hybrid Beamforming for Massive MIMO - A Survey [article]

Andreas F. Molisch, Vishnu V. Ratnam, Shengqian Han, Zheda Li, Sinh Le Hong Nguyen, Linsheng Li, Katsuyuki Haneda
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Hybrid multiple-antenna transceivers, which combine large-dimensional analog pre/postprocessing with lower-dimensional digital processing, are the most promising approach for reducing the hardware cost and training overhead in massive MIMO systems. This paper provides a comprehensive survey of the various incarnations of such structures that have been proposed in the literature. We provide a taxonomy in terms of the required channel state information (CSI), namely whether the processing adapts
more » ... o the instantaneous or the average (second-order) CSI; while the former provides somewhat better signal-to-noise and interference ratio (SNIR), the latter has much lower overhead for CSI acquisition. We furthermore distinguish hardware structures of different complexities. Finally, we point out the special design aspects for operation at millimeter-wave frequencies.
arXiv:1609.05078v2 fatcat:36trst5gind3pbjtir7ood6btm