Porosity effect on unsteady MHD free convection flow of Jeffrey fluid past an oscillating vertical plate with ramped wall temperature

Nor Athirah Mohd Zin, Ahmad Qushairi Mohamad, Ilyas Khan, Sharidan Shafie
2017 Malaysian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences  
The unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) free convection flow of Jeffrey fluid embedded in porous medium past an oscillating vertical plate generated by thermal radiation with ramped wall temperature is investigated. The incompressible fluid is taken electrically conducting under the action of transverse magnetic field towards the flow. Constitutive relation of Jeffrey fluid is employed to model the governing equations in terms of partial differential equations with some physical conditions. The
more » ... ransformed dimensionless governing equations are solved analytically using Laplace transform technique. The impact of various pertinent parameters namely material parameter of Jeffrey fluid , dimensionless parameter of Jeffrey fluid , phase angle , Hartmann number , permeability parameter , Grashof number , Prandtl number , radiation parameter and dimensionless time on velocity and temperature distributions are presented graphically and discussed in details. It is observed that, the permeability parameter tend to retard the fluid velocity for ramped wall temperature but enhance the velocity for an isothermal plate. Besides that, this study shows, the amplitude of velocity and temperature fields for ramped wall temperature are always lower than isothermal plate. A comparison with the existing published work is also provided to confirm the validity of the present results and an excellent agreement are found.
doi:10.11113/mjfas.v13n2.532 fatcat:z6yhwknzfvblvgpsi4k2fr2tpu