A nuclear pore sub-complex restricts the propagation of Ty retrotransposons by limiting their transcription [article]

Amandine Bonnet, Carole Chaput, Benoit Palancade, Pascale Lesage
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Beyond their canonical function in nucleocytoplasmic exchanges, nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) regulate the expression of protein-coding genes. Here, we have implemented transcriptomic and molecular methods to specifically address the impact of the NPC on retroelements, which are present in multiple copies in genomes. We report a novel function for the Nup84 complex, a core NPC building block, in specifically restricting the transcription of LTR-retrotransposons in yeast. Nup84 complex-dependent
more » ... 4 complex-dependent repression impacts both Copia and Gypsy Ty LTR-retrotransposons, all over the S. cerevisiae genome. Mechanistically, the Nup84 complex restricts the transcription of Ty1, the most active yeast retrotransposon, through the tethering of the SUMO-deconjugating enzyme Ulp1 to NPCs. Strikingly, the modest accumulation of Ty1 RNAs caused by Nup84 complex loss-of-function is sufficient to trigger an important increase of Ty1 cDNA levels, resulting in massive Ty1 retrotransposition. Altogether, our studies expand our understanding of the complex interactions between retrotransposons and the NPC, and highlight the importance for the cells to keep retrotransposon under tight transcriptional control.
doi:10.1101/2021.01.05.425438 fatcat:tylk4jabv5cepji7emrb5tdj3q