Detecting and Learning the Unknown in Semantic Segmentation [article]

Robin Chan, Svenja Uhlemeyer, Matthias Rottmann, Hanno Gottschalk
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Semantic segmentation is a crucial component for perception in automated driving. Deep neural networks (DNNs) are commonly used for this task and they are usually trained on a closed set of object classes appearing in a closed operational domain. However, this is in contrast to the open world assumption in automated driving that DNNs are deployed to. Therefore, DNNs necessarily face data that they have never encountered previously, also known as anomalies, which are extremely safety-critical to
more » ... properly cope with. In this work, we first give an overview about anomalies from an information-theoretic perspective. Next, we review research in detecting semantically unknown objects in semantic segmentation. We demonstrate that training for high entropy responses on anomalous objects outperforms other recent methods, which is in line with our theoretical findings. Moreover, we examine a method to assess the occurrence frequency of anomalies in order to select anomaly types to include into a model's set of semantic categories. We demonstrate that these anomalies can then be learned in an unsupervised fashion, which is particularly suitable in online applications based on deep learning.
arXiv:2202.08700v1 fatcat:6e6vvviq2zed5idpuv3iuqre7i