Facing climate variability in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of climate-smart agriculture opportunities to manage climate-related risks

Robert B. Zougmoré, Samuel T. Partey, Mathieu Ouédraogo, Emmanuel Torquebiau, Bruce M. Campbell
2018 Agricultures  
In the literature, a lot of information is available about climate change perceptions and impacts in sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is limited attention in the region to emerging initiatives, technologies and policies that are tailored to building the adaptive capacity of agricultural systems to climate change and variability. In this paper, we discuss the prospects for climate-smart agriculture technologies and enabling policies in dealing with climate change and variability at different
more » ... b-regional levels of sub-Saharan Africa to sustain farm productivity and livelihoods of agrarian communities. The review provides substantial information suggesting that without appropriate interventions, climate change and variability will affect agricultural yields, food security and add to the presently unaceptable levels of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. Although some of them were already existing, the past decades have seen the development and promotion of climate-smart agriculture innovations such as the use of high yielding drought tolerant crop varieties, climate information services, agricultural insurance, agroforestry, water harvesting techniques, integrated soil fertility management practices, etc. In the context of climate change, this appears as a stepping up approach to sustainably improving farm productivity, rural livelihoods and adaptive capacity of farmers and production systems while contributing to mitigation. The development of regional, sub-regional and national climate change policies and plans targeted at mitigating climate change and improving adaptive capacity of the African people have also been developed to enable mainstreaming of climate-smart agriculture into agricultural development plans. Financial commitments from governments and development agencies will be crucial for improving large scale adoption of climate-smart agriculture. Keywords: agriculture development / adaptation / climate change and variability / food security / risk management Résumé -Variabilité climatique en Afrique subsaharienne : analyse des opportunités d'agriculture climato-intelligente pour la gestion des risques. De nombreuses informations sont disponibles sur les perceptions et impacts du changement climatique en Afrique subsaharienne. Cependant, il est porté peu d'attention aux initiatives, technologies et politiques émergentes qui renforceraient la capacité d'adaptation des systèmes agricoles aux changement et variabilités climatiques. Dans cet article, nous analysons les perspectives en matière de technologies et de politiques d'agriculture climato-intelligente, qui permettraient de faire face au changement et à la variabilité climatiques dans différentes sous-régions d'Afrique subsaharienne, afin de soutenir la productivité agricole et les moyens de subsistance des communautés rurales. Les résultats de cette analyse suggèrent que les changements et variabilités climatiques affecteront les rendements agricoles, la sécurité alimentaire et aggraveront les niveaux actuels inacceptables de pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne si des actions appropriées ne sont pas entreprises. Les dernières décennies ont vu la promotion d'innovations en agriculture climato-intelligente, dont certaines existaient déjà, telles que l'utilisation de variétés de cultures tolérantes à la sécheresse et à haut rendement,
doi:10.1051/cagri/2018019 fatcat:2rw5myccg5gk3ns35gckqs2ukm