A Study of Probabilistic FEMs for a Slope Reliability Analysis Using the Stress Fields
Open Civil Engineering Journal
In this paper, the applicability and the effectiveness of the probabilistic finite element methods (FEMs) such as the perturbation method, and the Spectral Stochastic Finite Element Method (SSFEM) applied to the reliability analysis of the slope stability have been studied. The results were checked by the Monte Carlo simulation and a direct coupling approach combining the deterministic finite elements code and First Order Reliability Method (FORM) algorithm. These methods are presented
... ng the spatial variation of soil strength parameters and Young modulus. The random field is used to describe the spatial variation. Also, the reliability analysis is conducted using a performance function formulated in terms of the stochastic stress mobilized along the sliding surface. The present study shows that the perturbation method and SSFEM can be considered as practical methods to conduct a second moment analysis of the slope stability taking into account the spatial variability of soil properties since good results are obtained with acceptable estimated relative errors. Finally, the perturbation method is performed to delimit the location of the critical probabilistic sliding surfaces and to evaluate the effect of the correlation length of soil strength parameters on the safety factor. In addition, the two methods are used to estimate the probability density and the cumulative distribution function of the factor of safety.