Prediction of Placental Barrier Permeability: A Model Based on Partial Least Squares Variable Selection Procedure

Yong-Hong Zhang, Zhi-Ning Xia, Li Yan, Shu-Shen Liu
2015 Molecules  
Assessing the human placental barrier permeability of drugs is very important to guarantee drug safety during pregnancy. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) method was used as an effective assessing tool for the placental transfer study of drugs, while in vitro human placental perfusion is the most widely used method. In this study, the partial least squares (PLS) variable selection and modeling procedure was used to pick out optimal descriptors from a pool of 620 descriptors of
more » ... 620 descriptors of 65 compounds and to simultaneously develop a QSAR model between the descriptors and the placental barrier permeability expressed by the clearance indices (CI). The model was subjected to internal validation by cross-validation and y-randomization and to external validation by predicting CI values of 19 compounds. It was shown that the model developed is robust and has a good predictive potential (r 2 = 0.9064, RMSE = 0.09, q 2 = 0.7323, rp 2 = 0.7656, RMSP = 0.14). The mechanistic interpretation of the final model was given by the high variable importance in projection values of descriptors. Using PLS procedure, we can rapidly and effectively OPEN ACCESS Molecules 2015, 20 8271 select optimal descriptors and thus construct a model with good stability and predictability. This analysis can provide an effective tool for the high-throughput screening of the placental barrier permeability of drugs.
doi:10.3390/molecules20058270 pmid:25961165 fatcat:r2phl6vwize3dkg7pqbwuhtg5i