Performance of small wind turbines: simulation of electricity supply to loads connected to the public or isolated grid

Rafael V. Rodrigues, Luiz A. Rossi
2016 Engenharia Agrícola  
The successful in the implementation of wind turbines depends on several factors, including: the wind resource at the installation site, the equipment used, project acquisition and operational costs. In this paper, the production of electricity from two small wind turbines was compared through simulation using the computer software HOMER - a national model of 6kW and an imported one of 5kW. The wind resources in three different cities were considered: Campinas (SP/BR), Cubatão (São Paulo/BR)
more » ... Roscoe (Texas/ USA). A wind power system connected to the grid and a wind isolated system - batteries were evaluated. The results showed that the energy cost ($/kWh) is strongly dependent on the windmill characteristics and local wind resource. Regarding the isolated wind system – batteries, the full supply guarantee to the simulated electrical load is only achieved with a battery bank with many units and high number of wind turbines, due to the intermittency of wind power.
doi:10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v36n2p281-290/2016 fatcat:nvg7wgqdizc5flc3uquslitzxe