Involvement of Aquaporins in the Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment of Sjögren's Syndrome

Muhammad Soyfoo, Clara Chivasso, Jason Perret, Christine Delporte
2018 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of salivary and lacrimal glands resulting in diminished production of saliva and tears. The pathophysiology of SS has not yet been fully deciphered. Classically it has been postulated that sicca symptoms in SS patients are a double step process whereby lymphocytic infiltration of lacrimal and salivary glands (SG) is followed by epithelial cell destruction resulting in keratoconjunctivitis sicca and
more » ... nctivitis sicca and xerostomia. Recent advances in the field of the pathophysiology of SS have brought in new players, such as aquaporins (AQPs) and anti AQPs autoantibodies that could explain underlying mechanistic processes and unveil new pathophysiological pathways offering a deeper understanding of the disease. In this review, we delineate the link between the AQP and SS, focusing on salivary glands, and discuss the role of AQPs in the treatment of SS-induced xerostomia.
doi:10.3390/ijms19113392 fatcat:a75gwi2gnjfkjkqqqvbzmfpvye