A Defect in Coenzyme Q Biosynthesis Is Responsible for the Respiratory Deficiency inSaccharomyces cerevisiae abc1Mutants

Thai Q. Do, Adam Y. Hsu, Tanya Jonassen, Peter T. Lee, Catherine F. Clarke
2001 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q or Q) is an essential component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in eukaryotic cells. There are eight complementation groups of Q-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants designated coq1-coq8. Here we report that COQ8 is ABC1 (for Activity of bc 1 complex), which was originally isolated as a multicopy suppressor of a cytochrome b mRNA translation defect (Bousquet, I., Dujardin, G., and Slonimski, P. P. (1991) EMBO J. 10, 2023-2031). Previous studies of abc1
more » ... suggested that the mitochondrial respiratory complexes were thermosensitive and function inefficiently. Although initial characterization of the abc1 mutants revealed characteristics of Q-deficient mutants, levels of Q were reported to be similar to wild type. The suggested function of Abc1p was that it acts as a chaperone-like protein essential for the proper conformation and functioning of the bc 1 and its neighboring complexes (Brasseur, G., Tron, P., Dujardin, G., Slonimski, P. P. (1997) Eur. J. Biochem. 246, 103-111). Studies presented here indicate that abc1/coq8 null mutants are defective in Q biosynthesis and accumulate 3-hexaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid as the predominant intermediate. As observed in other yeast coq mutants, supplementation of growth media with Q 6 rescues the abc1/coq8 null mutants for growth on nonfermentable carbon sources. Such supplementation also partially restores succinate-cytochrome c reductase activity in the abc1/coq8 null mutants. Abc1/Coq8p localizes to the mitochondria, and is proteolytically processed upon import. The findings presented here indicate that the previously reported thermosensitivity of the respiratory complexes of abc1/coq8 mutants results from the lack of Q and a general deficiency in respiration, rather than a specific phenotype due to dysfunction of the Abc1 polypeptide. These results indicate that ABC1/COQ8 is essential for Q-biosynthesis and that the critical defect of abc1/coq8 mutants is a lack of Q.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m100952200 pmid:11279158 fatcat:pvtdz62bsjhqlcgh4c6pgjzzfm