Parallelism in Randomized Incremental Algorithms [article]

Guy E. Blelloch and Yan Gu and Julian Shun and Yihan Sun
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we show that many sequential randomized incremental algorithms are in fact parallel. We consider algorithms for several problems including Delaunay triangulation, linear programming, closest pair, smallest enclosing disk, least-element lists, and strongly connected components. We analyze the dependences between iterations in an algorithm, and show that the dependence structure is shallow with high probability, or that by violating some dependences the structure is shallow and the
more » ... ork is not increased significantly. We identify three types of algorithms based on their dependences and present a framework for analyzing each type. Using the framework gives work-efficient polylogarithmic-depth parallel algorithms for most of the problems that we study. This paper shows the first incremental Delaunay triangulation algorithm with optimal work and polylogarithmic depth, which is an open problem for over 30 years. This result is important since most implementations of parallel Delaunay triangulation use the incremental approach. Our results also improve bounds on strongly connected components and least-elements lists, and significantly simplify parallel algorithms for several problems.
arXiv:1810.05303v1 fatcat:ytaq55blivcxlloikclsqmi6ie