Measuring the Differentiated Impact of New Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Projects on Households' Movements by Income Level within Urban Areas

Sohyun Park, Aram Yang, Hui Jeong Ha, Jinhyung Lee
2021 Urban Science  
Social mixing is one of the key objectives of the housing policy in OECD countries. The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program, the largest affordable housing construction program in the US since 1986, has recently set creating mixed-income communities as one of the standards. As a project-based program, LIHTC developments are likely to influence residential mobility; however, little is known about its empirical effects. This study investigated whether new LIHTC projects are effective at
more » ... attracting heterogeneous income groups to LIHTC neighborhoods, thereby contributing to creating mixed-income communities. Using unique individual-level household movement data combined with origin–destination neighborhood characteristics, we developed zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) models to analyze the LIHTC's impact on residential mobility patterns in Franklin County, Ohio, US, from 2011 to 2015. The results suggest that the LIHTC attracts low-income households while deterring higher-income families, and therefore the program is not proved to be effective at creating mixed-income neighborhoods.
doi:10.3390/urbansci5040079 fatcat:y3cqwaxkbjb7djcqoej2m2dttu