Water quality modeling for urban reach of Yamuna river, India (1999–2009), using QUAL2Kw

Deepshikha Sharma, Arun Kansal, Greg Pelletier
2015 Applied Water Science  
The study was to characterize and understand the water quality of the river Yamuna in Delhi (India) prior to an efficient restoration plan. A combination of collection of monitored data, mathematical modeling, sensitivity, and uncertainty analysis has been done using the QUAL2Kw, a river quality model. The model was applied to simulate DO, BOD, total coliform, and total nitrogen at four monitoring stations, namely Palla, Old Delhi Railway Bridge, Nizamuddin, and Okhla for 10 years ((45 months)
more » ... ere used to validate the model. The R 2 for CBODf and TN lies within the range of 0.53-0.75 and 0.68-0.83, respectively. This shows that the model has given satisfactory results in terms of R 2 for CBODf, TN, and TC. Sensitivity analysis showed that DO, CBODf, TN, and TC predictions are highly sensitive toward headwater flow and point source flow and quality. Uncertainty analysis using Monte Carlo showed that the input data have been simulated in accordance with the prevalent river conditions.
doi:10.1007/s13201-015-0311-1 fatcat:japbyagnezcwpd5onwyzgi3wta