Frisia-woningen Amersfoort

Dick Van Gameren
In 1918 a retired teacher and an ex-professional soldier founded a 'middle-class housing association', which they named Frisia. Their aim was to introduce a new form of living, whereby likeminded people were housed in compact, yet comfortable and relatively low-cost dwellings. The target group was 'educated and cultured, including retirees, who wished to continue to live as cultured and educated people even after the considerable shrinkage of their income'. The association commissioned
more » ... A.H. van Wamelen (1885-1962) to produce a design for 41 dwellings on a site at the foot of the Amersfoortse Berg, which had been under development as a high-quality residential area for some time. Central to the plans were a number of collective amenities, such as a central laundry area, and a manager and a housekeeper for heavy work. The design sketches were published in Wendingen in 1920 and captioned 'communication homes', an allusion to the project's ambitions. Van Wamelen designed a complex of six rows of dwellings: four long rows on either side of Schaepmanlaan and Piersonlaan, plus two smaller blocks with other dwelling types on Borgesiuslaan, opposite the northernmost homes at the ends of the four rows. The basic type of dwelling in the four long rows is relatively wide and shallow. Two connecting rooms, a third reception room, a T-shaped hall with a central staircase and a kitchen have been ingeniously combined to create the most compact layout possible. The stairs lead to four bedrooms below a spacious attic. The corner dwelling types provide considerably more space, with an extended kitchen and a bay window on the third reception room. A weighty chimney element in the centre of the house supports the high roof.
doi:10.7480/dash.06.4804 fatcat:wkjyngbst5cada2eltl4qzsvau