Anatomy and Physiology of Women's Sexual Function [chapter]

Alessandra Graziottin, Annamaria Giraldi
Standard Practice in Sexual Medicine  
This chapter summarizes the anatomy and physiology of women's sexual response with a clinical perspective. The neurobiology of sexual function in women will be only briefly mentioned for sake of concision. More attention will instead be given to the anatomy and physiology of external genitalia and female organs, which will be summarized focusing on what clinicians should consider while examining the patient complaining of FSD. The sexual brain The limbic system and the neo-cortex A normal
more » ... rtex A normal sexual response requires the anatomic and functional integrity of the brain's entire limbic system, rather than a particular anatomic structure within it [1]. The limbic system is part of the so called "paleo-cortex" : a comprehensive network involving the hypothalamus and the thalamus (both within the diencephalon), the anterior cingulate gyrus, and many structures of the temporal lobes, including the amygdala, the mammillary bodies, the fornix, and the hippocampus, a phylogenetically ancient type of cortex [1 -4].
doi:10.1002/9780470755235.ch19 fatcat:qvbeqnzh55e5jawo6ldw67k4ga