نشاط الیهود الرازانیة فی تجارة الخصیان خلال العصر العباسی الأول (132-232هـ/750-847م)
مجلة کلیة الآداب . القاهرة
This subject highlights the active role played by Razani Jews merchants in the first Abbasid era, in order to achieve huge profits, which contributed to the acceleration of the Islamic economy, especially in the commercial field at a time of tension and attraction between Muslims and the Romans, why this period in particular, because it represents the luxury, extravagance, and the openness of the Arab Islamic State with other ethnicities, this phenomenon emerged, which spent large amounts of
... large amounts of money for pride and pleasure. The study relied on clarifying how to conduct castration process, which generates a huge profit for those merchants, and knowledge of the most important centers of castration, and the use of eunuchs in the palaces of the caliphs. The study also aims to monitor the movement of Razani merchants and to highlight the most important trade routes taken by the Razani Jews in their movements between East and West. These merchants started their trade trips from Europe -from the coasts of Provence and Italy -carrying with them the slaves, with the participation of intermediaries from the Arabs, Sicilians, and the Russians.