How the baby learns to see: Donald O. Hebb Award Lecture, Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Ottawa, June 2015

Daphne Maurer
2016 Canadian journal of experimental psychology  
Hebb's (1949) book The Organisation of Behaviour presented a novel hypothesis about how the baby learns to see. This article summarizes the results of my research program that evaluated Hebb's hypothesis: first, by studying infants' eye movements and initial perceptual abilities and second, by studying the effect of visual deprivation (e.g., congenital cataracts) on later perceptual development. Collectively, the results support Hebb's hypothesis that the baby does indeed learn to see. Early
more » ... rn to see. Early visual experience not only drives the baby's initial scanning of objects, but also sets up the neural architecture that will come to underlie adults' perception. Keywords: Donald O. Hebb, visual development, visual deprivation, visual perception, infants the Human Frontiers program, and the March of Dimes. Finally, I thank the patients treated for cataract who have volunteered for our studies for over 30 years. Without you, we would not have learned how the baby learns to see.
doi:10.1037/cep0000096 pmid:27845541 fatcat:faxuhxnahrdytfiinpagervnhy