Failure analysis of uncooled infrared focal plane array under a high-g inertial load
Measurement science and technology
This paper describes the failure analysis of an uncooled infrared focal plane array (IRFPA) under a high-g inertial load system using finite element simulation and experimental validation methods. The uncooled IRFPA, responding to a source of infrared (IR) radiation with spectral range from 8 µm to 14 µm, is a cantilever array, which consists of two materials with mismatched thermal expansion coefficients. The radiance distribution of the IR source could be obtained by measuring the
... ing the thermal-mechanical rotation angle distribution of every pixel in the cantilever array using a visible optical readout method. Based on this principle, room-temperature infrared imaging was developed under a static gravity environment, as described in our previous paper (Li C et al 2006 Meas. Sci. Technol. 17 1981. But under a dynamic inertial load, the rotation angle of every pixel includes not only the thermal-mechanical part but also a part induced by the inertial load. In the elastic deformation range, with a linearly increasing acceleration, the deformation angle induced by the inertial load increases linearly, which is validated by finite element simulation. This linear change in deformation, which can be subtracted from the total rotation angle in the optical readout using certain arithmetic, will not influence the imaging result. It is noteworthy that failure stress will occur when the deformation angle induced by the inertial load moves into the plastic deformation range, and the optical readout cannot image the IR object. Through finite element simulation the critical load resulting in IRFPA failure is 2715g, and this can be validated through impact using a Hopkinson bar after the IRFPA is placed in vacuum. By finite element simulation, the initial IRFPA surface profile without IR radiance after the 2715g load showed a conicoid characteristic. Simulation of the failure analysis of the uncooled IRFPA under 2715g acceleration predicts the military application of IRFPAs for an uncooled infrared imaging system in the high-g tactical range.