Photonic Neural Networks: a Survey

Lorenzo De Marinis, Marco Cococcioni, Piero Castoldi, Nicola Andriolli
2019 IEEE Access  
Photonic solutions are today a mature industrial reality concerning high speed, high throughput data communication and switching infrastructures. It is still a matter of investigation to what extent photonics will play a role in next-generation computing architectures. In particular, due to the recent outstanding achievements of artificial neural networks, there is a big interest in trying to improve their speed and energy efficiency by exploiting photonic-based hardware instead of
more » ... sed hardware. In this work we review the state-of-the-art of photonic artificial neural networks. We propose a taxonomy of the existing solutions (categorized into multilayer perceptrons, convolutional neural networks, spiking neural networks, and reservoir computing) with emphasis on proof-of-concept implementations. We also survey the specific approaches developed for training photonic neural networks. Finally we discuss the open challenges and highlight the most promising future research directions in this field. INDEX TERMS Artificial neural networks, neural network hardware, photonics, neuromorphic computing, photonic neural networks.
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2957245 fatcat:2ydkl3s3pnafnp23mzhjzb3iui