Health Care in Europe for Women with Genital Mutilation

Els Leye, Richard A. Powell, Gerda Nienhuis, Patricia Claeys, Marleen Temmerman
2006 Health Care for Women International  
The increasing number of immigrants from African countries practicing female genital mutilation (FGM) has raised concern in Europe. Health care professionals have developed three main responses: (1) technical guidelines for clinical management; (2) codes of conduct on quality of care; and (3) specialised health services for medical and psychological care and counselling. Much remains to be done, however, to ensure adequate care in Europe: (1) medico-legal/ethical discussions; (2) development of
more » ... protocols to assist in making informed decisions; and (3) development of guidelines on counselling, communication strategies, and referral procedures. All agencies working in the field of FGM should be interlinked at the national level, in which members of the affected communities should be included. At the European level, a coordinated approach between all agencies should be developed. Female genital mutilation (FGM), or female circumcision, includes all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or other
doi:10.1080/07399330500511717 pmid:16595367 fatcat:rcpiug5yufd57npsmjzincott4