PENAMPAKAN DUYUNG (DUGONG SIGHTING) DI KEPULAUAN SPERMONDE SULAWESI SELATAN Dugong Sighting In The Spermonde Archipelago South Sulawesi Sulawesi

Dody Priosambodo, Nadiarti Nurdin, Khairul Amri, Yusran Massa, Amrullah Saleh
2017 unpublished
Dugong is the only herbivory mammals in the sea and mainly feed on seagrasses. Population of dugong tends to decrease in all of its range as an impact from hunting, fishing activities and habitat degradation. In South Sulawesi-Indonesia, recent information about dugong population is unknown due to limited observation. Last dugong existence reported from Barranglompo Island in 1991. This research aim to reveal the existence of dugong in Spermonde Archipelago. Result of this study showed from
more » ... udy showed from 1992 to 2017, only 6 individu of dugong were observed. In 2006, one live dugong accidentally found roaming near Samalona Island. This encounter was successfully recorded by video camera. Four years later, one dead dugong found trapped in fishing net near Lantangpeo village, Tanakeke Island and sold to local fishermen for consumed. In 2014, one dugong grazing track was also found in Tanakeke Island near Balandatu Village. Information from 2016, reported two dugongs in seagrass meadow around Puntondo and Laikang Bay. Last report on 31 January 2017, showedone decomposed body from young dugong stranded in Barranglompo Island. The death cause remaining unknown. From interview with some witnesses and local fishermen, dugong accidentaly found trapped, drown and dead in fishing net that set up around seagrass meadow. Captured dugong will on sale and slaughtered for its meat.With only once encountered alive in 25 years (which recorded by video camera), it can be concluded that dugong population in Spermonde archipelago were extremely rare, heavily threatened and facing extinction.
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